What’s better than one Picasso? How about a second Picasso lost for decades?
That’s exactly what a team of research scientists at the Art Institute of Chicago discovered and wrote about in a report published this week in
Pablo Picasso’s 1922 canvas, , has been one of the jewels in the museum’s collection since it was donated in 1953 by Alice Toklas on behalf of her late partner, the writer Gertrude Stein.
The work dates to Picasso’s late Cubist period, when the artist experimented with flat grids underlying color fields and thick lines.
Over the course of two weeks, Picasso painted three very similar works, all depicting a guitar flanked by a bottle and a bowl.
Researchers at the Art Institute chose to study the painting because of the degree of complexity within its painted surface, which appeared to be wrinkled with multiple layers.
“Scientific analysis of Picasso’s Still Life was crucial to our understanding of Picasso’s creative process and how he manipulated his paints to achieve different visual effects,” conservator Kim Muir, who worked on the project, tells Artnet News.
The researchers applied X-radiography and infrared imaging to get a closer look, and were stunned to find an entirely different composition beneath the painting. And this one was oriented vertically, instead of horizontally, as in the finished work.
The ghostly image depicts an altogether different still life, with a vase and drinking glass. The image is reminiscent of a Picasso drawing at Sweden’s Gothenburg Museum of Art titled (1922).
While it’s no secret that Picasso and other artists reused canvases and carried out various drafts, often covering up early versions, researchers found that in this instance, the artist had painted a large white square covering a large portion of the sketch, as if to block it out.
Muir says that upon close analysis, the researchers were also able to deduce how the painting had been preserved over time, which “informed a conservation treatment strategy” allowing the scientists to “recover the intended surface qualities previously obscured by layers of grime, varnish, and discolored overpaint.”